• Schild Mathematik Ost
Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften

Oberseminar Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften - Dr. Francesco De Anna, Quantitative aspects on the ill-posedness of the Prandtl and hyperbolic Prandtl Equations

Datum: 25.05.2023, 10:15 - 12:00 Uhr
Kategorie: Seminar, Veranstaltung
Veranstalter: Lehrstuhl für Mathematik VI (Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften)
Vortragende:r: JMU, Deutschland

Mathematik Ost, 40.03.003 + Zoom


For more than a century, the Prandtl theory of boundary layers has inspired many scientific disciplines (from aerodynamics to plasticity and rheology). Although the Prandtl equations belong nowadays to the mathematical and physical folklore, the underlying solutions present however a particular unstable nature: from the result of G ́erard-Varet and Dormy, the equations are ill-posed in any Sobolev spaces (when considering no structural assumptions on the flow). Around a suitable shear flow, G ́erard-Varet and Dormy determined a suitable dispersion relation on the frequencies, which was interpreted later on as ill-posedness in a more general class of functions (the so-called Gevrey-classes m, m > 2).

This talk intends to present a recent result, obtained in collaboration with S. Scrobogna (University of Trieste) and J. Kortum (University of W ̈urzburg). It illustrates how this common interpretation is in reality mathematically inaccurate: through a quantitative analysis of the instabilities and of the norm inflations, we showed how the result of G ́erard-Varet and Dormy can be used momentarily only for the ill-posedness in Sobolev spaces and that the ill-posedness in Gevrey classes is still a mathematical open problem. We address furthermore some related problems for the ill-posedness of a meaningful extension of the Prandtl Equations.


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